Every year, more and more people apply for the H-1B and so the chances of getting selected in the lottery becomes slimmer. So for those that don’t get selected into the lottery, their first question is: What next? You might see people joke online and respond with “You can marry a US Citizen or a green card holder!” This is an option, but there are other options to choose from as well. We’ll go over the most common ones here:
If an individual possesses extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics, or has demonstrated record of extraordinary achievement in the motion picture or television industry and has been recognized nationally or internationally for those achievements, they may be eligible for the O-1 visa. You don’t need a Nobel Peace Prize to be eligible, but you will need to provide sufficient evidence of your extraordinary ability such as receipt of nationally or internationally recognized awards/prizes, published material in professional or major trade publications, newspapers or other major media, authorship of scholarly articles in professional journals or other major media, extra. More information about the O-1 visa can be found here.
If you’ve thought about obtaining a US Bachelor’s degree if you don’t have one or thought about going back to school to get obtain an advanced degree, such as a Master’s degree or PhD, attending an accredited university in the US will give you the opportunity to work through the Curricular Practical Training (CPT) program or Optional Practical Training (OPT) program.
CPT allows F-1 students to gain practical experience directly related to their major through employment, paid/unpaid internships, or cooperative education. CPT must be completed before graduation and can be either full-time or part-time. However, if an individual works full-time for 12 months in CPT, they will no longer be eligible for OPT.
OPT allows F-1 students to work up to 12 months in relation to their major of study. They are eligible for OPT after finishing up their first academic year. The OPT program is 12 months long. However, for those who have a degree in the field of science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM), they may be eligible to apply for a 24-month extension of their post-completion OPT employment authorization. It is recommended that students apply for the extension.
Please note that an individual is only eligible for 12 months of full-time OPT per academic level. So if an individual completed 12 months of OPT after obtaining a Bachelor’s degree, they cannot do OPT again if they go back for another Bachelor’s degree. However, if the individual goes back to school to obtain an advanced degree, they can apply for another 12 months of OPT.
Dependent Status Which Allows You to Work
If you're currently in L-2, H-4 (and spouse has a green card process going), or are a E-1/E-2/E-3 dependent and your spouse is maintaining their work visa status, you may be eligible to work in the US. You'll need to apply for an employment authorization document (EAD) by filing Form I-765. With an EAD, you'll be able to work with any employer.
J-1 Trainee Visa
As a J-1 trainee visa, an individual will train at a host company/organization under the authority of a DOS-certified sponsor. Training programs are designed to allow foreign professionals to come to the US to gain exposure to US culture and to receive training in US business practices in their chosen occupational field.
To qualify for a J-1 trainee visa, an individual must have a degree or professional certificate from a foreign post-secondary academic institution and at least one year of prior related work experience in his or her occupational field outside the US OR have at least 5 years of work experience outside the US in the occupational field in which they are seeking training.
Another way to obtain an H-1B is to find and accept a position at a higher education (or related nonprofit entities), nonprofit research organizations, and government research organizations. These organizations are Cap-exempt, which means that if they want to sponsor an individual for the H-1B, they won't be subject to the Cap. However, if an individual later decides to work for a for-profit company, they'll be subject to the Cap and will need to go through the lottery system.
And There’s More!
Citizens of Canada and Mexico, if eligible, may be qualified for the TN NAFTA professional visa. Australian citizens are eligible for the E-3 specialty occupation professional visa. Citizens of Singapore and Chile may be eligible for the H-1B1 specialty occupation professional visa. If an individual is currently working at a company abroad, has been working there for at least 1 year, and the company has offices in the US, they may be eligible for the L-1 intracompany transfer visa. There are other options out there such as the B-1 in lieu of H-1B, E-1, E-2, etc.!
Also, don't give up :) If you weren't selected in the lottery, you should try again next year! Re-applying does not lessen your chances.
If you have any questions about these alternative visa types, please don’t hesitate to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.